The analysis instrument carried on Mars curiosity

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The analysis instrument

weather station on Mars exploration "curiosity" is responsible for measuring environmental variables and generating each report, which will be the first continuous record of Martian meteorology. In addition, the generated weather report will also guide the operation of the rover

laser induced breakdown spectrometer: it can burn holes in rock and soil, and detect the chemical composition of rock and soil from a long distance. The good Intercalation Performance of montmorillonite can be used to intercalate long-chain organic compounds. The farthest working distance of the device can reach 7 meters

color camera group: it can shoot the surrounding environment with high resolution, and also the surface structure of rocks and soil. Through these images of the whole industrial chain layout of terminal products such as lithium-ion power batteries and lithium-ion electric vehicles, scientists can reproduce the formation process of these rocks and soil - perhaps, liquid water has played a role in this process. One of the cameras is installed at the bottom of the rover, with a downward viewing angle. It will record the whole process of the rover's descent and landing

chemical mineral analyzer: it can irradiate extremely fine powder samples with X-rays to form diffraction patterns. Through such diffraction patterns, scientists can confirm the types of all minerals. The spectrometer on the previous lander could only identify specific kinds of minerals, such as iron ore

mechanical arm: a precision device that can extend to 2 meters long and bear a weight of 30 kg, which is used to excavate holes and crush rocks. It is also equipped with a set of sieves, which can screen powder samples for the experimental instruments carried on the Mars rover

alpha particle X-ray spectrometer: used for on-site inspection 354 to measure the chemical composition of rocks and soils

Mars Sample Analysis System (SAM): chemical analysis can be carried out. It has a small stove, which can directly ignite Martian materials, or add chemical flux for heating, so that the gas escapes; Then, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry analyzed the escaping gas, focusing on the search for organic carbon. This instrument can also extract samples directly from the atmosphere

radiation sensor: responsible for monitoring solar radiation and cosmic radiation

active neutron spectrometer: it can confirm whether there is water in the rocks and soil under the rover

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